Improve electric vehicle range by driving efficiently
By making small changes to your driving style, you can extend the range of your electric vehicle (EV). This will allow you to go longer periods of time between charging your battery and will save both money and energy.
How it works:
To extend your EV's range:
- Gradually accelerate. This is much more efficient than rapid acceleration.
- Avoid hard braking. This allows the regenerative braking system to recover energy from the vehicle's forward motion. Hard braking causes the vehicle to use its conventional friction brakes, which do not recover energy.
- Use the eco or economy mode. This can do a number of different things depending on the make and model of your vehicle, but it usually does some combination of changing acceleration characteristics, reducing AC control and shifting cars into 2WD (instead of 4WD).
- Consult your owner's manual. EVs can differ significantly in design, especially in the way they manage energy use. The vehicle manufacturer knows how to maximize driving range, so it is best to read the manual for more specific tips.
Good to know:
- When the battery is topped off, it helps your EV run more efficiiently.
- Accessories can use up charge quickly
- Reducing the use of cabin heat in cold weather and AC in warm weather can conserve energy. The Department of Energy suggests preheating/precooling the cabin as you charge to conserve battery
- The EPA-rated range is a good indicator of what your car can achieve, but the range will vary in real-world use depending on a variety of factors (e.g., driving style and road conditions).
- While EVs require less maintenance than traditional cars, it's still important to check tire inflation, fluid levels, and air filters. This can extend your vehicle's range by several miles per charge.
*Your experience may vary depending on the make and model of your electric vehicle.